Recipe for conchas – a famous Mexican pan dulce

Recipe for conchas – a famous Mexican pan dulce

Posted on 23. Aug, 2013 by in Bread and conversation

If you can make brioche you can make conchas and here is a really easy recipe for conchas which are made of an enriched dough (not quite as enriched by a true recipe for brioche but not far off) that is shaped into balls and topped it with something akin to pastry.  Really very delicious indeed.

How do I make a brioche style dough?

How do I make a high butter dough

Brioche dough rising in the bowl

The most important thing is this:  DON'T PANIC!

When you make this dough (or a true brioche dough), just keep kneading.  It takes a good 20 minutes at the lowest speed in a machine with a dough hook to get brioche dough together and, if you are a first timer, it can take you 30 minutes or more of hard work by hand.  The important thing is to just keep going.  The butter melts, the dough becomes a lake, it begins to stick to everything and you begin to fret.  People tell me all the time that they thought they had made a mistake and they landed up throwing their dough away. Noooooooooo!  Flour has an incredible ability to absorb fat (think of bechamel/white sauce) and it really will transform from a sloppy mess into a stretchy, gleaming golden orb - if you give it some wellie.  A scraper also helps.

Ingredients (for 9 buns)

For the dough:

500 g plain (all purpose) white flour
125 g sugar
10 g salt
120 g butter (room temperature, cubed)
4 eggs
2.5 g instant yeast or 5 g active dry yeast or 10 g fresh yeast
100 g full fat milk heated to boiling point and allowed to cool right down again
1/2 teaspoon of ground anise (optional)

For the topping:

240 g plain (all purpose) flour
125 g icing sugar (confectioners' sugar) or granulated sugar if you like things kind of crunchy
125 g cold butter cut into cubes
1-2 tsp cold water

Optional:  1-2 tsp cocoa powder

(I ususally make up the topping mix without the cocoa powder and then divide it into two.  I put 1/2 the cocoa powder in to one half of the mixture and blend it in well and leave the other half plain.  That way I have some plain and some chocolate conchas.  Some people use food colouring to dye the topping but I think that's kind of weird looking.  Try it and let me know what you think!)

Method

Heat the milk to just below boiling point and then let it cool down completely. Give it at least an hour to cool.

Measure the flour into a big bowl and make a well in it.  Add the sugar and the yeast and pour over the milk.  Flick flour on top of the well to close it and let it sit for an hour or so until foam breaks through the surface of the flour.

how to make brioche

Yeast frothing through the top of the pre dough

Crack the eggs into the well and sprinkle the salt and the anise (if using) around the edges of the well and begin to bring the dough together.  Knead it well for 10 minutes whether by hand or machine (always on low and with the dough hook) and then add the butter.

Easy recipe for brioche

Adding butter to the dough

Knead again for 10 minutes by machine and 10-30 minutes by hand.  If  you are kneading by hand, the butter will melt, you will panic, a lake of dough will form on the counter of in the bowl but don't worry - just keep going.  The flour will absorb all the butter and the dough will turn into a golden yellow blob of extreme stretchiness that resembles chewing gum.  If you use one hand to knead and one hand to scrape the mess off the table and back into a ball of dough you may find it easier.

How do I knead brioche dough

Gleaming dough with golden streaks means your dough has been kneaded enough

Put the dough back in the bowl, cover it with cling film and let it sit on the counter for around 6 hours or until it has at least doubled in size.  Alternatively, you can cover it tightly and pop it in the fridge for 12 - 24 hours.  This will make a slightly tougher, sturdier bun but it will still be delicious and the buns will be easier to shape.

Once you have made the dough, make the topping.  Measure the flour and the sugar into a bowl and mix them well.  Add the butter and, with your finger tips, make crumbs.  Add the water and then bring the mixture together into a pastry type dough.  Don't over work it. Cover and pop in the fridge until you are ready to use it.

To shape the conchas:

Pull the dough out of the bowl very gently onto a surface that is lightly floured.  Divide the dough into 9 equal pieces (to do this weigh the dough and then divide by 9 to see how much each bun should weigh) roll them all into a tight ball.  (You can click here to see a video on how to make a tight ball.)  Place them on a baking tray that you have lined with non stick parchment paper.  Cover them with a tea towel.  If they are room temperature they will take around 90 minutes to rise before you want to bake them.  If they are cold they will take 2-3 hours.  You are looking for them to double in size.

How do I shape buns

Buns, rising on the tray

Just before you want to bake, pre heat the oven to 220 degrees.  Remove the topping mixture from the fridge and divide it into 9 pieces.  Gently flatten each bun to a height of about 2 inches so they are more like hamburger buns than balls.  Roll the pieces of topping into balls between your hands to warm them up a bit and then, one by one, flatten them into a discs with a floury rolling pin on a floury surface.  The discs should be as big as the surface of the bun - just covering the top - and so they will be about 1/4 cm thick.  Paint the tops of the buns with milk (it's an effective glue) and place a disc of topping on each ball. Take the tip of a knife or a razor and and drag it through the topping to create 3-4 lines in the topping.  In Mexico you can buy a thing that looks a bit like a cookie cutter but it is specifically for making the lines on a concha.  If you like, you can decorate the tops with cocoa powder or more sugar or brown sugar or even hundreds and thousands.

How to make conchas

Plain and chocolate-topped conchas ready for the oven

Chocolate topped concha

Chocolate topped concha

When the oven is up to temperature, pop the buns in and bake them for 15-20 minutes or so.  Check them a few minutes before to make sure they are not burning.  If they are getting too brown, simply cover them with some non stick parchment paper.  The should sound hollow when they are done.

Let them cool completely on a wire rack and eat them at any time of day with coffee or hot chocolate.  Absoutely wonderful.

Conchas for tea

Conchas for tea

If you like this recipe and would like more recipes for buns from around the world, The Book of Buns is available to pre order on Amazon.

Bread books about buns

The Book of Buns, Jane Mason's second book published October 2013

 

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  1. Loaf 20: Genzano bread from Italy and Mexican conchas | 100 Loaves of Solitude - 07. Sep, 2013

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